Created in 1992 as a result of population shifts indentified by the 1990 census, the 29th Congressional District of Texas was designed as a Hispanic district. Although it has undergone some changes since 1992, the 29th District remains a majority minority district with a population breakdown of 78% Hispanic/Latino, 10% Anglo, 10.4% African American, 1.1% Asian and 0.1% other.

The District encompasses the Port of Houston, ranked first in the United States in foreign waterborne tonnage and second in the U.S. in total tonnage. Home to five refineries and numerous chemical and industrial plants, the district is a vital economic engine with the petrochemical industry and Port of Houston playing critical roles in providing employment opportunities for the region.

The 29th District includes parts of the cities of Houston, Pasadena, Jacinto City, and Humble, as well as the cities of South Houston, and Galena Park. The district spans the Houston inner city and the neighborhoods of Denver Harbor and Lindale. Included in the district are the suburbs of the Aldine, Channelview, North Shore and unincorporated areas of Harris County.